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What are FODMAPs and will I benefit from a low FODMAP diet?

Monday, November 24, 2014

Gluten

Limiting dietary FODMAPs may be an effective treatment and dietary therapy for people with symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), an extremely common digestive condition.

FODMAPs

is an acronym (abbreviation) for:

F

ermentable

O

ligosaccharides ..read more >

Limiting dietary FODMAPs may be an effective treatment and dietary therapy for people with symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), an extremely common digestive condition.

What are FODMAPs?

FODMAPs

is an acronym (abbreviation) for:

F

ermentable

O

ligosaccharides (such as Fructans and Galactans)

D

isaccharides (such as Lactose)

M

onosaccharides (such as excess Fructose)

A

nd

P

olyols (such as Sorbitol, Mannitol, Maltitol, Xylitol and Isomalt)

Basically, these are a collection of molecules found in food that are poorly absorbed by some people and cause uncomfortable symptoms including bloating, gas, flatulence, abdominal pain/cramping, constipation, diarrhoea nausea and other gastro-intestinal symptoms.

Here is a brief overview of the types of foods restricted on a reduced FODMAP diet:

Excess Fructose:

Apples, Mango, Pear, Watermelon, Honey, High Fructose Corn Syrup 

Fructans:

Artichokes, Garlic (in large amounts), Onion, Leek, Shallots, Wheat, Rye, Barley, Inulin and Fructo-oligosaccharides 

Lactose:

Milk, Ice-cream, Custard, Dairy Desserts, Condensed and Evaporated Milk, Milk Powder, Yoghurt and Cheese 

Galacto-Oligosaccharides (GOS):

Legumes (such as Baked Beans, Kidney Beans, Bortolotti Beans), Lentils and Chickpeas 

Polyols:

Apples, Apricots, Avocado, Cherries, Nectarines, Pears, Plums, Prunes, Mushrooms, Sorbitol, Mannitol, Xylitol, Maltitol and Isomalt (or in other words any sugar alcohol ending in "ol")

If you suspect you have a problem digesting these foods contact a qualified dietician or nutritionist for advice and diagnosis.

At LLN we understand how important eating a healthy diet is and for some people this means having to be a little more specific with what foods are best for them. A low FODMAP diet is a rapidly growing area in nutrition and is proving to be a successful approach in the management of IBS and related gastrointestinal conditions.

Where possible in all of our Recipes at LLN we offer a FODMAP friendly substitution or alternative.

The LLN 8 week online program also contains low FODMAP recipes and substitutions to support people on this diet. 


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